Thursday, August 27, 2020

Corporate Decision Making Process Samples †

Question: Talk about the Corporate Decision Making Process. Answer: Presentation: Corporate dynamic is required by an association at each progression. Corporate dynamic is a significant procedure wherein different choices are assessed by the supervisors of the organization and afterward they settle on a vital choice about the accessible alternatives by picking the best choice from them. In capital planning strategies, corporate choice likewise assumes a noteworthy job. In this examination, the corporate choice procedure in capital planning methods has been broke down. Capital planning is an examination procedure wherein different speculation proposition are broke down based on different perspectives. And afterward a best proposition is picked by the organization to make more benefits and fulfilling the necessities of clients just as the partners (Bodie, 2013). Different part of capital planning strategy is assessed based on the complete benefit through that venture, the absolute timespan in which the organization would have the option to get back the whole sum, th e interior pace of the task, bookkeeping pace of return of the undertaking and so forth. Ordinarily, the procedure of capital planning strategy is executed by the organizations to break down the drawn out undertakings which have an existence of more than 2-3 years. Corporate dynamic is an instrument which dissects the venture based on different procedures, for example, make back the initial investment investigation, situation examination, affectability examination, reproduction strategy and so forth (Bierman and Smidt, 2012). In this report, the choice procedure has been executed by the Net present estimation of the task, compensation time of the undertaking, inward pace of return , normal pace of return and so on. What's more, every firm researches the whole accessible undertaking as indicated by different instruments and strategies as the fundamental witticism of the organization is to make high benefits. For this, organization considers the arrival factor from that venture just as whole connected hazard with the undertaking. In this way, it gets basic for a firm to dissect each task as per the above conversation, so it turns out to be simple for the organization to make benefits and appreciate the development in the market, essentially, the activities of long haul for an organization could be new hardware, new market, new plants, new items, substitution of old method, apparatuses and so on. So for inspecting to discover the best venture, a firm could think about the procedure of make back the initial investment investigation, situation examination, affectability examination, recreation strategy and so forth. Affectability investigation: Affectability investigation is a device of corporate dynamic which is utilized in different circumstances by the organization to settle on a superior choice for accomplishing the objective of the organization. this procedure is assessed to distinguish that how differing factors have an effect over an individual perspective. In this procedure, an individual factor is mulled over and it has been broke down that how the progressions into the needy factor could have an effect over that singular variable. This procedure is essential to dissect the recorded information and afterward male a forecast about the future execution of that venture. Touchy investigation device is vital during the time spent capital planning procedure, as it assesses the estimation of whole money outpouring, present worth elements, complete money inflow, all out existence of the venture, rebate rate and so forth through this examination all the above elements are researched by their recorded information and the presentation. In this examination, the reliant and autonomous variables are dissected and the task is explored by taking different presumptions. For example, if the current worth factor of the task would be changed than the net present worth measure of the undertaking would likewise be changed while if the all out timeframe of the venture life would be changed than it would legitimately have an effect over the activities inward pace of return (Lumby Jones, 2007). Furthermore, the instrument of affectability examination helps firm to verify that how the ventures factor and worth would be changed, if the presumption which have been taken would change into the unreasonable worth. In this procedure, the suppositions are changed by the chiefs as indicated by their estimations and afterward some of the time, the task neglects to offer them a similar worth which has been normal by the association from that venture. In this procedure, different suspicions are taken and than a chart is plotted alongside the diagram line of NPV to break down the value of the task and the gainfulness from that venture. Further, it has been seen through an examination over the affectability investigation that the shape the NPVs slant would be, the more the odds of the NPV to be progressively touchy. (Tsanakas Millossovich, 2016) Affectability examination is a straightforward method and the related cost f this undertaking s likewise lesser so this strategy is utilized by different organizations broadly to reach over a point and break down the related hazard with the venture. For the most part, these strategies are utilized by the firm to deal with the assets and alleviate the hazard. Situation examination: Situation examination is a device of corporate dynamic which is utilized in different circumstances by the organization to settle on a superior choice for accomplishing the objective of the organization. This procedure is assessed to distinguish that how differing factors have an effect over different individual viewpoints. Prior, delicate examination was utilized by the organizations to decide the undertaking. Be that as it may, in this procedure, just changes into a solitary factor is inspected which isn't sensible in real. In this procedure, different individual components are contemplated and it has been dissected that how the progressions into the needy factor could have an effect over that singular variable. This procedure don't investigate the verifiable information rather than that, this procedure makes the conceivable result in future (Seitzinger et al, 2010). This procedure doesn't show a solitary image of the venture while it portrays different circumstances which could oc cur in future. For example, if these qualities would occur than the case would be normal, if there would be scarcely any progressions into the qualities decidedly and contrarily than these qualities could be changed over into most exceedingly awful and best case. Situation investigation instrument is pivotal during the time spent capital planning procedure, as it offers the point by point consequence of each circumstance and encourages the association to settle on a superior choice in the wake of thinking about whole related angles. Through this investigation all the related elements are broke down, for example, swapping scale, yield, promoting cost, transportation cost, money inflow, money surge, selling value, NPV and so on. In this examination, the needy and free factors are broke down and the task is explored by taking different presumptions (Moles, Parrino Kidwekk, 2011). For example, if the current worth factor of the undertaking would be changed adversely than the venture would be changed over into best situation and on the other hand, if the current worth factor would be upgraded than the task would be changed over into most noticeably terrible situation. Typically, for examining an undertaking as per the situation examination, likelihood conveyance strategies are thought of. As through these scientific estimations, it turns out to be simple for the organization to settle on a superior choice about the ventures. This examination delineate the chief that of these qualities would happen in future then the task would resemble that much horrible, great or best (Grant, 2016). The undertaking forecast is finished by the directors subsequent to researching over different factors, for example, compitetitors techniques, their perspective, practical condition, venture expectation and so on the accompanying situations are made by the chiefs of the organization to break down the task: Variables Ordinary case Best case Most pessimistic scenario Yield - + 10 % - 20% Conversion scale - + 10 % - 10% Transportation cost - - 5% +20% Promoting cost - - 5% +20% Deals cost - + 10 % - 20% Deals cost 1.03 1.05 1.00 Money inflow 17 % 29 % 1 % NPV 1 2.2 - 2.7 Equal the initial investment examination: Breakeven investigation is an instrument of corporate dynamic which is utilized in different circumstances by the organization to settle on a superior choice for accomplishing the objective of the organization. in this examination, different factors, for example, selling cost of the item, factor and fixed expense of the item are thought of and as per that the best task is broke down. This strategy is assessed to distinguish that how differing elements, for example, fixed expense and variable cost have an effect over a venture report. In this procedure, fixed expense and variable expense and selling cost of an undertaking is dissected and afterward a point is processed where the complete pay of the organization is equivalent to the all out expense of the organization (Shim, Siegel and Shim, 2011). This procedure is imperative to dissect the whole cost identified with the task and afterward settle on a choice about the presentation of that venture. Equal the initial investment examination device is critical during the time spent capital planning strategy, as it assesses the estimation of whole money surge, all out money inflow, fixed expense and variable expense. In this examination all the above elements are researched by their worth and the presentation. In this examination, the commitment estimation of the venture and fixed expense are broke down and the task is explored by the all out income (Gervais, Heaton and Odean, 2011). For example, if the variable expense of the venture would be changed than the breakeven purpose of the undertaking would likewise be changed while if the fixed expense of the task would be changed than it would likewise have an effect over the breakeven purpose of the task. Different apparatuses of the venture proposition are examined and afterward the breakeven level of a task is investigated. In this investigation, a diagram is plotted in which four lines are draw

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Approaches to Health Informatics Samples †

Question: Talk about the Approaches to Health Informatics. Answer: Outline As per the suggestions of Right to Information, the administration authorities of different fields are depended with the duty to pass on right and bona fide data to the overall population (Kellermann and Jones 2013). This proposition would give an understanding into the various methodologies towards the part of wellbeing informatics. The significant features of the proposition are the improvement of points and targets, which would direct the scientist to reason new realities from the insightful articles on the proposed look into subject (O'Leary 2013). Additionally, approach would upgrade the biased information on the scientist as far as aggregating basic information for the execution of the examination (Panneerselvam 2014). Point The point of this proposition is uncover what extent of the clinical staffs are not utilizing RiskMan to report episodes alongside the assessment of the piece of the experience of utilizing the framework is prompting staff not announcing occurrences through RiskMan with the goal that the viability of the RiskMan can be distinguished. Targets To distinguish what extent of the clinical staffs are not utilizing RiskMan to report episodes To assess what part of the experience of utilizing the framework is prompting staff not announcing episodes by means of RiskMan To suggest techniques for expanding the utilization of RiskMan Research Questions What extent of the clinical staff isn't utilizing RiskMan to report occurrences? What part of the experience of utilizing the framework is prompting staff not revealing occurrences by means of RiskMan? Research Hypothesis H0: An immense extent of clinical staffs not use RiskMan to report occurrences H1: An enormous extent of clinical staffs use RiskMan to report episodes Writing Review In this part, different parts of wellbeing informatics are examined. Contemplating unique and wide running sources would expand the points of view of the specialist with respect to imposing legitimate and right data to the overall population (Toennessen et al. 2013). One of the significant features of this part would be the hypothetical use of RiskMan, which is help with terms of unconstrained detailing of the risky cases. The disclosures of the book entitled, Guide to Health Informatics would shape a basic component as far as overflowing the academic perspectives on wellbeing informatics (Coiera 2015). In this, lays the connection with the word control. Powerful thought of the disclosures of the book would help the medicinal services experts to pass on right and bona fide data to the administration clients. For this, specific innovative contemplations should be trailed by the human services associations. Help from the book, Organizational parts of wellbeing informatics: overseeing innovative change would assist the scientist with shedding light on the practices embraced by the social insurance experts for detailing the examples (Lorenzi and Riley 2013). Hilbers et al. (2013) portrays that use of RiskMan demonstrates helpful regarding relieving the force of the hazard factors for the faculty just as the administration client. Adherence and consistence to the PC enactments, for example, Data Protection Act (1998) helps in keeping up the wellbeing and security of the official information just as the individual things of the administration clients. Establishment of security programming in the profile of the administration clients can be corresponded to the activity of dealing with the innovative changes for guaranteeing that the administration clients get the entrance to right and bona fide wellbeing related data (Zheng et al. 2014). Inside this, one of a basic change is the reception of the RiskMan programming, which causes the social insurance staff to moderate the force of the hazard factors through quantitative hazard examination (Lyapina et al. 2015). The progression of science identifies with the expanded access to the wellbeing related data. Maeda et al. (2012) depict that a proof of this is the wearable innovation, which encourages the administration clients to cooperate with the medicinal services experts anytime of time. The establishment of the product in the watches worn by the administration clients lines up with the expression of human-on top of it (Holzinger 2016). Support of a coordinated structure for the use of the product improves the estimation of the biased methodology towards wellbeing informatics (Kavaler and Alexander 2012). Diving profound into the part of informatics, the fundamental thought process is to illuminate individuals and update their insight. Alexander and Kavaler (2012) attest that taking into account the previous sentence, the field of wellbeing can be considered as a piece of the informatics. In this, lays a complexity between the speculation and classification of the parts of wellbeing and informatics. Hypothetical application inside this rationale goes about as mode for lessening the dangers and adding quality to the expectations for everyday comforts of the individuals (Coiera 2015). Maeda (2012) in addition contends that the speculation of individuals in the previous sentence negates the constraint of Australia. Research Methodology Mackey and Gass (2015) expressed that exploration strategy gives a review of the examination procedure so the exploration result can be gotten in a methodical manner. This segment along these lines contains inquire about way of thinking, information assortment process, information examination method, moral thought and the exploration confinements. Research Philosophy For each exploration, the analyst follows a specific way of thinking, which helps in the foundation of true realities and ends (Sarantakos 2012). For the most part there are three sorts of ways of thinking, for example, positivism, post-positivism and interpretivism. If there should arise an occurrence of the ebb and flow inquire about, the analyst would pick positivism and interpretivism (Taylor, Bogdan and DeVault 2015). Wahyuni (2012) depicts that the explanation for this determination is to find new realities from the genuine and logical realities accumulated from the insightful articles on wellbeing informatics. Information Collection Information are gathered in an exploration so as to acquire wanted research result. () portrays that information can be gathered through two strategies essential information assortment and optional information assortment (Leening et al. 2012). Essential information are gathered legitimately through the respondents of the examination and gathered through meetings and review. Then again, optional information are gathered through sources like articles, peer diaries, companys sites, factual information in magazines and paper portion (Bryman and Bell 2015). In this examination, the essential quantitative information is used for gathering information (Palinkas et al. 2015). Inside this, 35 clinical staffs from various medical clinics and care homes would be overviewed with respect to their utilization of RiskMan for detailing perilous occurrences. Overview survey structures would be circulated to the staffs preceding the conversation meeting. Alongside this, meeting would be led on five ad ministrators of these medical clinics so as to increase an understanding into the administrative methodology on the utilization of programming for imposing data to the administration clients with respect to social insurance. By and large, both the quantitative and subjective information assortment strategy would be picked by the analyst for doing this examination (Panneerselvam 2014). Information Analysis The gathered information for the examination is broke down through two different ways quantitatively and subjectively (Eriksson and Kovalainen 2015). The essential information are examined through quantitatively; then again, optional information is investigated through subjectively. Subjective information examination techniques feature the way toward dissecting the sources applicable to the exploration theme are additionally alluded for connecting the foreseen discoveries with the created goals (Maxwell 2012). In this examination, both the subjectively and quantitatively strategies is used in breaking down the essential and auxiliary information assortment. Moral Considerations Each exploration is led through the thought of specific contemplations by the scientist. Developing effective toward this path increases the value of the jobs and duties of the specialist as an individual (Miller et al. 2012). The significant drive behind this is the cognizant methodology towards the protection of poise and assessments of the examples (Silverman 2016). In this examination, the analyst would cling to the recommendations of Data Protection Act (1998), which would empower the specialist to abstain from any sort of pressurization with respect to the overviews and meetings. At the end of the day, the examples would be at freedom to pull back the procedure on the double when they feel awkward. This freedom lines up with the independence of the examples and protection of this distinction is the credit of the analyst as far as keeping up look into morals (Flick 2015). Research Limitations Specialists put forth attempts to do the exploration in a productive and powerful way. Be that as it may, attributable to the conditions, the specialist neglects to execute the examination in extraordinary profundity (Faden et al. 2013). Basically in an exploration, there are two sorts of confinements, time and budgetary. Countering this, both are interrelated with one another. Absence of budgetary adaptability constrains the specialist to experience challenges as far as receive just a single technique for information assortment and examination. This restricts the extension and field of the examination. This is likewise relevant for the time imperatives, which forces the specialist to bargain with the nature of the exploration (Baskerville and Wood 2016). On account of this exploration, the absence of money related and time limitations would bring about the accomplishment of negative results, which goes about as an interchange with the fundamental right controlled by the people. End This report rises fruitful in giving an understanding into the extraordinary and wide going methodologies towards wellbeing informatics. This has been done by building up a proposition

Friday, August 21, 2020

New Kentucky loan scam leaves borrowers in a lurch - Inside Subprime 5

New Kentucky loan scam leaves borrowers in a lurch - Inside Subprime 5/31/18 New Kentucky loan scam leaves borrowers in a lurch New Kentucky loan scam leaves borrowers in a lurchInside Subprime: May 31, 2018By Kerry ReidIts always a good idea to approach payday loans with caution. And that becomes even more important when youre dealing with online payday lenders.A woman in Versailles, Kentucky, a town just outside Lexington, found that out the hard way earlier this month when a fake online lending company with a bogus Florida address scammed her out of $1,200.As reported by WLEX-TV, the woman turned to online sources for quick cash when her poor credit history precluded obtaining loans locally. A web search turned up a company called “Money Loans Quick,” which claimed to be based out of Miami.The victim, who was not named int he WLEX-TV article, was approved for a $3000 loan. The catch? She first had to pay out advance fees for things like “processing” and “bad credit insurance” in the form of Google Play gift cards. By the time she suspected a scam, she was out almost half of the original loan am ount without a dime coming in.The Better Business Bureau for Southeast Florida  rated Quick Money Loans an F, after receiving  two previous complaints about the company. Mail sent to the posted address was returned, because it goes to a “virtual” office building. In other words â€" nobody’s there.Payday loans in Kentucky are legal, but the number of storefront operations has dwindled in recent years following new legislation regulating the industry. Since 2010, the state has required payday lenders to use Veritec, a database that flags suspicious transactions and tracks borrowers through their Social Security numbers, driver’s license number, address and other personal information.Known as the “Kentucky Deferred Presentment Transaction System,” the program also aims to tighten licensing requirements for short-term lending businesses within the state. For consumers, information about what businesses are licensed, how to file a complaint and how to check the status of a pa yday loan is available on a website run by the state’s Department of Financial Institutions.But that doesn’t help if borrowers go online, where lenders are much harder to track, license and regulate. Borrowers who have no other option for dealing with a short-term financial crisis should make sure to do their research before deciding on a lender, and the best thing they can do to protect themselves is to check the lenders Better Business Bureau profile at 1-800-866-6668 or to see if there are existing complaints about fraudulent activity. Remember, it is illegal for any online lender to require fees upfront, and it is especially suspicious when they ask for those fees to be paid in the form of reloadable cash cards, such as Google Play, Amazon, etc. Scammers love those because they can use up the value quickly, and theyre difficult to track, making it impossible for borrowers to recoup any of the cash.Even for those using in-state brick-and-mortar payday loan busines ses, it’s important to be aware of the law. The nonprofit Legal Aid Network of Kentucky has an online fact sheet  about payday lending. It dates from 2009, but the general advice is solid: use these loans only as a last resort and know upfront what the total costs â€" interest and fees â€" will run to. Under Kentucky law, lenders can charge no more than $15 per $100 in credits, and no borrower may take out more than two loans at a time with a total cap of $500. Payday lenders also cannot threaten criminal prosecution for borrowers who default.To learn more about payday loans in the United States, check out these related pages and articles from OppLoans:California Payday LoansGeorgia Payday LoansIllinois Payday LoansFlorida Payday LoansMichigan Payday LoansTexas Payday LoansVisit OppLoans on  YouTube  |  Facebook  |  Twitter  |  LinkedIn

Monday, May 25, 2020

Emotional Intelligence Being A Leader - 2034 Words

Emotional Intelligence Being a leader is a gift, something that is hard to learn and many people are more predisposed to be a leader than others. People that are natural leaders, very often have this sort of charisma that draws others to follow them. A good example of a wonderful religious leader in my opinion would be John Paul II. Ever since John Paul was a kid he has had this natural ability to positively affect people around him. Moreover, John Paul’s emotional intelligence made him even a greater religious leader because it has allowed him not only to reason more effectively, but also allowed him to be empathic to others. As I approach end of nursing school I want to improve my level of emotional intelligence because it will not only prepare me to be a better leader one day but also it will give me a greater self-awareness and will allow me to be a better nurse. Definitions, History, and Concepts According to Hein emotional intelligence can be defined as† innate pot ential to feel, use, communicate, recognize, remember, describe, identify, learn from, manage, understand and explain emotions† (Hein 2005). In my opinion, emotional intelligence means that one is aware of emotions not only my emotions but also the emotions of others. Being emotionally intelligent also means having self-regulation, having great social skills, and being able to get through to people. Being emotionally intelligent means that the leader understands another person’s feelings, emotions andShow MoreRelatedEmotional Intelligence : Being A Leader1837 Words   |  8 PagesEmotional Intelligence Being a leader is a gift; something that is hard to learn, and something that many people are more predisposed to be than others. A good example of a wonderful religious leader, in my opinion, would be John Paul II. Ever since John Paul was a child he had a natural ability to affect people around him in a positive way. Moreover, the Pope’s emotional intelligence made him and even better religious leader because it allowed him not only to reason more effectively, but to beRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Personal Intelligence1571 Words   |  7 Pagestask to explain emotional intelligence, and give two (2) example of the concept. Second, to examine, the concept of â€Å"emotional quotient† compared to traditional â€Å"intelligence quotient.† Third to suggest two to three (2-3) reasons why leaders’ need emotional intelligence to manage today’s workforce, as well as to speculate on at least two (2) possible consequences should a leader not poss ess emotional intelligence. Fourth, to explore the elements of emotional intelligence that leaders must be awareRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Psychological Intelligence1493 Words   |  6 Pagescalled â€Å"emotional intelligence† which puts you in tune with not only your emotions but the emotions of others as well. This paper will fully explain â€Å"emotional intelligence† along with examples of the concept, examine the theories of â€Å"emotional intelligence† compared to traditional â€Å"intelligence quotient†, suggest reasons why leaders’ need emotional intelligence in today’s workforce, speculate on the consequences when leaders do not possess emotional intelligence, explore elements of emotional intelligenceRead MoreIs Emotional Intelligence Beneficial for Effective Leadership?1509 Words   |  7 Pagesare many different definitions of what emotional intelligence is and exactly which components should be included to compris e it. The most basic model of emotional intelligence is the four branch model described by John Mayer and Peter Salovey in 1997. The key concepts included in the four branch model are: emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive emotions, to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought, to understand emotions and emotional meanings, and to reflectively regulateRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Effective Leadership1107 Words   |  5 PagesEmotional Intelligence and Effective Leadership Emotional intelligence is defined as the ability to manage one’s emotions in an intelligent manner such that they do not affect the decision-making process. It is also the ability to understand other people emotions, to know the reason for their behaviors and thus be able to communicate with them (Mayer, 2006). Emotional intelligence involves one’s proficiency in realizing and then being able to behaviors, moods and impulses and thus managingRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Leadership Training1424 Words   |  6 Pagesinto leadership training in the aim of finding the right leaders for success, however it has been observed that too much importance has been given to IQ and leaders haven t been performing up to expectations. (Doe, Ndinguri and Phipps 2015). With the realisation of IQ not being the sole factor for success researchers have directed more focus into Emotional Intelligence, in fact Doe, Ndinguri and Phipps (2015) argue that emotional intelligen ce may be the determining factor for the success or failureRead MoreSelf-Assessment of Emotional Intelligence Essay651 Words   |  3 PagesEmotional Intelligence Emotional intelligence is an important characteristic in becoming a good leader. â€Å"Emotional intelligence is the ability to manage oneself and ones relationships in mature and constructive ways† (Kinicki Kreitner, 2009, p.137).Being a good leader entails more than just being smart; leaders need to be able to connect to their employees emotionally and empathetically. Organizations today not only look for leaders with the skills, but leaders that can emotionally connectRead MoreEmotional Intelligence And Nursing Practice1681 Words   |  7 PagesEmotional Intelligence and Nursing What is emotional intelligence? What does it have to do with nursing? Why do we care? In this paper I will be discussing what emotional intelligence is, why it is so important, functions of its use in nursing practice, how it can be used in my own practice to lead, and lastly how my views on leadership have changed. Most importantly though I will be discussing the application of emotional intelligence and its parts to nursing. After reading this paper, thereRead MoreEmotional Intelligence Training For Increased Success1351 Words   |  6 PagesEmotional Intelligence Training for Increased Success The global business environment is complex and dynamic. Everyone working in business across the globe is experiencing stress (Singh Sharma, 2012). Due to the quick pace at which decisions may need to be made, understanding the impact of mood and emotions on decision making is important for leaders (Brabec, 2012). Decisions are made at all levels within the organization, therefore emotional intelligence skills are required for everyone withinRead MoreEmotional Intelligence, By John Mayer And Peter Salovey1445 Words   |  6 Pagesare many different definitions of what emotional intelligence is and exactly which components should be included to comprise it. The most basic model of emotional intelligence is the four branch model described by John Mayer and Peter Salovey in 1997. The key concepts included in the four branch model are: emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive emotions, to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought, to understand emotions and emotio nal meanings, and to reflectively regulate

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How The World Views Juvenile Violence - 3659 Words

Abstract The purpose of my paper was to compare how the world views juvenile violence which is basically the statistical data because that is what society sees when they look up these particular types of violence, and how the youth feels about the violence. In my paper the four juvenile violence topics I chose were gang, school, dating, and youth violence. I talk about what each violence is and give general statistical data on the topics then I talk about how the youth may feel about the crimes they commit and why I believe they commit them. At the end of my paper I will choose a position and state why I choose that position. In writing this style of paper I found that it best to look at this topic with two different point of views, to really try and solve a problem. In today s general public, adolescent wrongdoing is an expanding issue in the United States. At the point when talking on adolescent viciousness there are a wide range of sorts of brutality like gang violence, school savagery, dating brutality, youth brutality. The issue is clear, the arrangement not really. What would we be able to do to counteract as well as minimize the measure of adolescent brutality and wrongdoing? Every topic chose talks about what the particular violence in depth and how each topic goes with one another. Gang violence leads into school viciousness, which leads into dating brutality, which all wraps up under youth violence. Each of these points is additionally not the sameShow MoreRelatedThe Number Of Teenagers Under Eighteen Arrested For Murder1560 Words   |  7 PagesThe number of teenagers under eighteen arrested for murder has risen over one hundred fifty percent from 1985 to 1994. Again, it has risen over one hundred fifty percent. That is a very large i ncrease. Juvenile offenders should be tried as adults because juvenile crimes are equally horrendous as an adults’; however, instead of just looking at the offender’s biological age, courts should consider their mental age along with trying to provide therapy/rehabilitation rather than incarceration.   Ã‚  Ã‚   ToRead MoreAnalyzing Violence and Crime in USA1357 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen marred with much violence and turmoil. In America, the roots of the country were established in a very bloody manner and seemingly resonates in todays world as violence permeates the national landscape. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the causes of violence in America and look specifically at the youth of this country and the effects that are produced because of their behavior. Essentially, this essay will try to communicate how the proliferation of violence committed by AmericanRead MoreProblems and Solutions to Violence in Schools Essay1239 Words   |  5 PagesViolence is a very important issue that is coming to the front in todays school systems. School violence is a `complex social policy problem and is considered very complicated and hard to define. My paper is on school violence and the methods in which the government and schools can provide support and/or programs to help s tem the recent rash of incidents. These steps include: use of `less violent materials, peer mediation interventions, police presence and action, individualizing of the troublemaker(s)Read MoreJuvenile Delinquency And Its Effects On The Outside World1356 Words   |  6 PagesJuvenile Delinquency In my paper i will be discussing juvenile delinquency in a whole. We will look at it from the perspective of the rehabilitation and how it affects the outside world, to the juvenile that is the delinquent. The main topics of my paper will be rehabilitation vs punishment, the risk factors that cause the deviant behavior, and finally the traits of a juvenile offender. There is multiple risk factors that develop into the cause of juvenile delinquency. They have 4 major categoriesRead MoreJuvenile Delinquency1154 Words   |  5 PagesA traumatic childhood may predispose a child to violence against themselves or against others, in adolescence or adulthood. This information is and has been off the records, but so far no known relationship between the magnitude of traumatic experiences and different forms of violence at puberty. A study published in Pediatrics, which involved 136,549 U.S. students between 12 and 17 has been commissioned to evaluate this relationship. The researchers sought to determine six adverse experiences forRead MoreGuiding a Child to Lead a Good Life962 Words   |  4 Pagesenough to understand values, morals and how to conduct themselves, that child is ready to reflect on all life has to offer. Many adults question â€Å"what is going on in the minds of the teens in the world today?† In light of the public’s constant concern for the livelihood of our youth, there are several ways to which society can decrease the juvenile delinquency in the area in which they live. Those that are responsible for improving the problem of juvenile delinquency appears to be lollygagging;Read MoreViolence In Schools Has Been A Social Problem For A Long1583 Words   |  7 PagesViolence in schools has been a social problem for a long time, but only recently has this problem come to light. When there was a male bully, teachers and parents would say, boys will be boys so there was no harm there. There has always harmed when someone gets hurt, emotionally or physically. Getting called names or even getting punched, they both the same and that’s what happens when violence goes into schools. Violence in school is a social problem because it does not just involve children fightingRead MoreJuveniles Who Stand Trial As An Adults1519 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract Juveniles who is housed with adults is a major issue. It’s important to address this issue accordingly, however the issue is not addressed. Why would you houses juveniles with adults together? Juveniles and adults have two different minds fames. Yes, some would say â€Å"you the crime, you do the time†, however juveniles are not mentally and physically equal. I believe that, their lives can be ruined. Everyone deserves a second chance. The outcome of housing then together could produce a negativeRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Its Effects On Society1722 Words   |  7 PagesJuvenile justice is compared in chapter thirteen. In the nineteenth century, there was an increased number of children at risk and chronic poverty. This overall was a general concern because there was an increase of people in the â€Å"dangerous classes†. There was a child saving movement, in which the poor children represented a threat to the moral fabric of society. The nineteenth century was a time where they had a house of refuge. In this house of refuge, they had a society for the prevention of pauperismRead MoreRace, Class, And Gender Contribute For Youth Delinquency1205 Words   |  5 Pagesdemonized because they may conflict with the social norms established by the majority in the US. Race has long been an issue because of the skin deep differences and cultural norms or stereotypes associated with people from various parts of the world and how they mesh with the norms in the United States. Racism has deep roots in American culture and as a result has been a means to punish people more harshly in the judicial system. In the film Juvies (2005), teens were interviewed about their experiences

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Alcohol Abuse During Adolescence Khoa Nguyen Essay

Alcohol Abuse in Adolescence Khoa Nguyen San Jose State University The period of adolescence, from the age of 10-21, is one of the most critical and pivotal stages of the development of human beings. Although adolescence only covers roughly ten years, or about one-seventh of the entire human lifespan, decisions and actions made during this period of time can have drastic effects on the individual further down his/her life. Part of being an adolescent is experiencing new things, and testing out different types of identities to see which fits best. Erikson, a German-born American developmental psychologist, characterized this part of lifespan development as identity v.s. identity confusion(Erikson’s Stages of Development, 2016). Erikson believed that during this period in an adolescent’s life, they are faced with deciding who they are, what they are all about, and where they are going in life(Santrock, 2015). Part of finding that identity might come with trying new substances like alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, and other harmful drugs. Unf ortunately, sometimes their first try of the new substance does not become their last. Especially with alcohol, these drugs can be highly addictive and mistreated, translating to abuse. With their young unstable developing minds and with the easy accessibility and social acceptance of liquor, it seems like the adolescent age is bound on a crash course towards the abusement of alcohol. What is Alcohol

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Treatment of Autoimmune Diseases

Question: Discuss about the Treatment of Autoimmune Diseases. Answer: Introduction: Arrays of micro-organisms are present in the intestinal tract of the digestive system in humans. The gut micro biota comprises of around 400 different kinds of bacteria that inhabits the gut expressing varied kind of genes. These microbes play an important role in the human immune system. It has a symbiotic association with the human gut. They influence the enzymatic property and host physiology. These micro-organisms are connected to the autoimmune diseases and allergies affecting our physiology. The gut micro flora plays an important role in the immune system development and function. It determines the anaphylactic reactions of the food allergy. Several allergic reactions could be corrected if the composition of gut flora is altered. The micro flora in gut influences the manifestations and risk of allergy and its understanding is helpful in the prevention of food allergy. Recent studies showed that manipulations in the intestinal microbes lead to the treatment of allergies in human s. Location of microbes in the digestive system The stomach, small intestine and large intestine encompassing the gastrointestinal tract consist of colonized micro-organisms. There are a number of anaerobes outnumbering the facultative anaerobes present in the gut. The micro flora is less in number in the stomach and upper part of the intestine but present in large intestine comprising of the whole bacterial ecosystem (Lozupone et al. 2012). Bacteria are present in the lumen and the attached mucosa but does not penetrate bowel wall. The lower bowel is luxuriant with micro-organisms. The intestinal micro flora makes the most in the colon and feces. The bacterial micro flora is present mostly in the feces making it ideal for testing micro-organisms in the gut. Main types of microbes present in the gut The gut consists of various types of micro-organisms comprising mainly of bacteria that are anaerobes. The viruses, archaea and fungi are present in the gut but less in number. The dominant microbes are the bacteria that consist of the phyla Bacteriodetes, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria (Alonso Guarner, 2013). The bacteroides being the predominant presenting 30% consisting of anaerobic gram negative bacteria. The genera of bacteria like Clostridium, Eubacterium, Bifidobacterium, Faecalibacterium and Ruminococcus are also present in the gut. The Lactobacillus and Escherichia are present less in number. The genera of Fungus are also present in the gut comprising of Saccharomyces, Candida, Aspergillus, Trametes, Bullera and Pleospora are also present (Ubeda Pamer, 2012). The Archaea are present involved in the metabolism of fermentation. Acquisition of the microbes in the gut The microbes in the gut are acquired during the time of birth. The fetus acquires these micro floras from the mother and is transferred to the infants during the birth. The number of microbes and the types of species transferred to the infant depends on the mode of delivery (Cho Blaser, 2012). The surrounding environment and transfer of bacteria from mother during and after birth generally determines the acquisition of microbes in the human gut. The type of birth determines the type of micro flora communities that the infant will acquire. The vaginal birth will give rise to the vaginal micro flora entities (Qin et al., 2010). The caesarean birth will provide the infant with a predominant skin micro flora consisting of microbial species like Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus. The hosts genetics, lifestyle, behavior and nutritional patterns establish the type and shaping of the micro flora in the gut. Role of the micro flora in the gut The gut flora comprising of the gastrointestinal micro flora present in the digestive tract of the humans have a metabolic, protective and trophic functions. The bacteria act as resistance in colonizing the exogenous bacteria and preventing the invasion of the intestinal mucosa by a foreign pathogen. The protective function is also executed by the nonpathogenic adherent bacteria preventing the entry and attachment of suspected pathogens into the epithelium (Belkaid Hand, 2014). The unwanted nutrient production is dampened by the commensal bacteria as it competes for the nutrients by consuming all the resources in the collective microenvironment. The metabolic role is also performed by the microbes in the gut by fermentation of the carbohydrates that are non digestible being the key source of energy in colon. The short chain fatty acids play an important role in the cell proliferation of the epithelium and in the differentiation in colon (Clemente, Ursell, Parfrey Knight, 2012). The trophic factor exists in the communication of the host with the resident micro flora at the surface of mucosa establishing the development of immune system that would be competent (Kamada et al., 2013). There is also an interaction of the microbes in the gut with the diet and immune system in humans. The microbes in the gut also play an important role in the immune system in human. Allergy in humans and its link to micro flora in gut Allergy is the response of the body towards any foreign substance called allergen. It triggers the body causing allergic reactions. It is an abnormal response by the body in response to pollen, foods, medicines or metals. The insect stings also acts as allergens. The allergies are developed due to environmental and genetic factors (Prince et al., 2015). The inflammatory chemical like histamine is triggered when there is binding of the immunoglobin E antibodies to the allergen and then to mast cell or basophil receptor (Ridaura Belkaid, 2015). The most common allergy symptoms are sneezing, rashes, runny nose and anaphylaxis in life threatening conditions. The immune system is an intricate regulatory network of pathways that alter the microbes in the gut sensitive to internal and external factors. A failure in these pathways could lead to diseases like the allergies, inflammatory diseases, autoimmune and metabolic syndromes. The diet, microbes and the immunity are interdependent and i nter linked (Tuohy et al., 2005). The allergies and autoimmune diseases are prevalent and disproportion of the micro flora composition in the gut influences the autoimmune and allergic reactions (West, Jenmalm Prescott, 2015). When the micro flora of a healthy person was compared to an individual with allergies showed a clear connection between the microbes in the gut to allergic reactions. The alteration in the composition of the microbes is due to reduced exposure to pathogens resulting in weak mechanism during the early life leading to allergies. Manipulation of micro flora to treat allergies The manipulation of the micro flora is done to treat allergies in human. The alteration in the number of the micro flora in the gut and use of probiotics would help to treat allergies (Ianiro et al., 2014). They are proved to provide health benefits to the humans in the form of micro-organisms. It increases the activity of the gut micro flora as it acts as substrate by stimulating growth. The combination of prebiotics and probiotics to the food or dietary supplements makes the stimulation of micro flora in gut helpful in reduction of allergies. How to manipulate micro flora to treat allergies One of the potential ways to treat allergies is the manipulation of the micro flora in the gut. The probiotics and their use have proved to reduce the symptoms of allergies and are safe. The intake of probiotics through diet has an efficacious effect on the micro flora and immune system to achieve manipulation and exhibiting growth of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. There is a lack of exposure to the symbiotic micro-organisms, infectious agents and parasites makes an individual susceptible to allergic diseases as there is insufficient stimulation of Th1 cells is called the hygiene hypothesis (Nakagawa Yoshimura, 2015). The cross talk between the gut micro biota and the host acts as a therapeutic intervention in treating allergies. The probiotics bacteria increases the permeability of the intestine and enhances the Immunoglobin A responses that are gut specific promoting a defense barrier in people prone to allergies. Probiotics also process the formation of dieta ry antigens reducing the allergy. The probiotics bypass the digestion in stomach and reaches to colon. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are used to prevent or treat the allergic reactions in humans (Kosiewicz et al., 2011). They act as immune modulators by stimulating growth and acting beneficial to the host. The right kinds of probiotics are important in treating allergies in humans. Practical problems in achieving manipulation of micro flora There is an uncertainty in the degree of desired manipulation in the gut micro flora. The uncertainty also occurs in achieving the optimal patterns of colonization and the composition of micro flora. The practical problem also lies in the ability of the microbes to treat the allergy. The location of the gut micro biota and the resilience of the genetic predisposition in host are also some of the practical problems in the manipulation process (Faith et al., 2014). Another problem lies in the achievement of optimal nutrition and the environmental conditions in the manipulation of the gut micro flora. The dietary and lifestyle changes are an effective implication in achieving the manipulation of gut micro flora to treat allergies. Prospects for successful application of micro flora manipulation The micro flora is present in the human gut have immense roles in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. They have their own micro-environment and they lives in symbiotic association with the human gut environment. For the successful application of gut micro flora manipulation through use of probiotics are helpful in providing the efficient immunoglobulin that treat allergies. It provides dietary agents that help in the treatment of allergies. In people prone to allergies have a weak immune system and less efficient micro biota. Therefore, probiotics surpass the digestive process and reaches colon becomes dominant over the hosts micro flora altering the micro environment by enhancing growth of commensal bacteria and in achieving the manipulation of gut micro flora in humans in treating allergies (Young, 2016). For the successful application, further studies are required regarding understanding of host, diet, environment and micro flora. References Alonso, V. R., Guarner, F. (2013). Linking the gut microbiota to human health.British Journal of Nutrition,109(S2), S21-S26. Belkaid, Y., Hand, T.W. (2014). Role of the Microbiota in Immunity and Inflammation. Cell, 157, 121-141. Cho, I., Blaser, M. J. (2012). The human microbiome: at the interface of health and disease.Nature Reviews Genetics,13(4), 260-270. Clemente, J.C., Ursell, L.K., Parfrey, L.W., Knight, R. (2012). The Impact of the Gut Microbiota on Human Health: An Integrative View. Cell, 148, 1258-1270. Faith, J. J., Guruge, J. L., Charbonneau, M., Subramanian, S., Seedorf, H., Goodman, A. L., ... Rosenbaum, M. (2013). The long-term stability of the human gut microbiota.Science,341(6141), 1237439. Ianiro, G., Bibb, S., Gasbarrini, A., Cammarota, G. (2014). Therapeutic modulation of gut microbiota: current clinical applications and future perspectives.Current drug targets,15(8), 762-770. Kamada, N., Seo, S. U., Chen, G. Y., Nez, G. (2013). Role of the gut microbiota in immunity and inflammatory disease.Nature Reviews Immunology,13(5), 321-335. Kosiewicz, M. M., Zirnheld, A. L., Alard, P. (2011). Gut microbiota, immunity, and disease: a complex relationship.Human health and disease in a microbial world, 37. Lozupone, C. A., Stombaugh, J. I., Gordon, J. I., Jansson, J. K., Knight, R. (2012). Diversity, stability and resilience of the human gut microbiota.Nature,489(7415), 220-230. Nakagawa, R., Yoshimura, A. (2015). Interaction between gut microbiota and host immune cells.Inflammation and Regeneration,35(3), 140-147. Prince, B. T., Mandel, M. J., Nadeau, K., Singh, A. M. (2015). Gut microbiome and the development of food allergy and allergic disease.Pediatric clinics of North America,62(6), 1479-1492. Qin, J., Li, R., Raes, J., Arumugam, M., Burgdorf, K.S., Manichanh, C., Nielsen, T., Pons, N., Levenez, F., Yamada, T. and Mende, D.R., 2010. A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing.nature,464(7285), pp.59-65. Ridaura, V., Belkaid, Y. (2015). Gut microbiota: the link to your second brain.Cell,161(2), 193-194. Tuohy, K. M., Rouzaud, G. C. M., Bruck, W. M., Gibson, G. R. (2005). Modulation of the human gut microflora towards improved health using prebiotics-assessment of efficacy.Current pharmaceutical design,11(1), 75-90. Ubeda, C., Pamer, E. G. (2012). Antibiotics, microbiota, and immune defense.Trends in immunology,33(9), 459-466. West, C. E., Jenmalm, M. C., Prescott, S. L. (2015). The gut microbiota and its role in the development of allergic disease: a wider perspective.Clinical Experimental Allergy,45(1), 43-53. Young, V. B. (2016). Therapeutic manipulation of the microbiota: past, present, and considerations for the future.Clinical Microbiology and Infection,22(11), 905-909.